The presidents of Russia and Turkey will hold talks on Wednesday on curbing renewed violence in northwest Syria and possibly expanding Moscow's sales of military defence systems to Ankara, Turkish officials said.
Vladimir Putin is hosting Recep Tayyip Erdoğan at Russia's Black Sea resort of Sochi, where the Turkish leader will press for a return to a ceasefire they agreed last year to end the Russian and the Assad regime assaults on Turkey-backed opposition forces in Syria's Idlib region.
The ceasefire has prevented another major military escalation, but the opposition forces say Russia has stepped up airstrikes around Idlib over the last week.
"We are abiding by the principles of the agreement reached with Russia," Turkey's Defence Minister Hulusi Akar told reporters. "We expect the other side to also abide by their responsibilities under the agreement."
Russia's defence ministry said that work to implement an earlier Russo-Turkish deal on Syria was continuing, including joint patrols involving Russian military police. It said there had been heavy shelling by extremist fighters in the Idlib area.
Moscow says Russian forces are in Syria at the official invitation of President Bashar al-Assad and that the presence of other forces is hindering his efforts to reunite and rebuild the war-shattered country.
Turkey has thousands of troops in northern Syria and supports insurgents opposed to Assad, who with Moscow's support has driven them back to a small pocket of territory on the Turkish border.
In March last year, Turkish land and air forces stemmed a Russian and Assad regime assault which displaced 1 million people, brought Ankara and Moscow close to direct confrontation, and threatened another wave of migration into Turkey, which is already hosting 3.6 million Syrian refugees.
Three Turkish officials said Syria would be the main focus of the Sochi meeting. Erdoğan has said some of the talks with Putin will be one-on-one, without accompanying delegations.
"It means the most critical issues will be discussed in the most open way," said a Turkish official, asking not to be identified. "Especially in light of the developments in Syria, some critical decisions may need to be taken."
The Kremlin said the two leaders would discuss Syria and Afghanistan, as well as economic ties and regional problems.
Turkey and Russia have forged close cooperation in the fields of energy, tourism and defence despite the rivalry in Syria - as well as conflicts in Libya and Nagorno-Karabakh, where the two regional powers have also been on opposing sides.
NATO member Turkey bought Russian S-400 missile defence batteries in 2019, triggering U.S. sanctions against its defence industries and warnings from Washington of further action if it bought more Russian equipment.
Erdoğan last week indicated Turkey still intended to procure a second batch of S-400s, saying no country could dictate Ankara's actions.
The officials said the S-400s would be discussed in Sochi, and one of them contrasted what he described as Washington's inflexible stance with Moscow's approach. "With Russia, at least solution-oriented steps can be taken," the official said.