Erzurum: Popular for winter tourism, rich history

Erzurum, the biggest city of the eastern Anatolian region is a very ancient settlement place. As the city is established at the skirts of Palandöken Mountain, Erzurum has a great importance in the field of winter tourism

The city houses numerous historically rich works of art. Therefore the city is considered as a cultural center and has major potential for tourism.

The foundation of the city of Erzurum is presumed to been in 4900 B.C… The region that includes Erzurum was dominated by various tribes and nations such as Urartu, Kimmers, the Scythians, Meds, Persians, Parphts, Romans, Sassanids, Arabs, Seljuks, Byzantine, Mongols and Ilkhanids. The city and the surrounding region were conquered by Ottomans in 1514 and continued to remain under Ottoman rule until the foundation of the Republic of Turkey

The ski season at Palandöken lasts approximately 5 months, beginning in November and lasting until April. There are two registered ski slopes at Palandöken, visitors to the mountain will find that it is possible to buy all sorts of ski gear and learn how to ski by taking private lessons.

Erzurum has wonderful ski resort areas where you can benefit from different ski centers. Due to the area's vast ski utilities, it was announced that the 2019 European Youth Olympic Festival will be hosted by the city.

Little of medieval Erzurum survived beyond scattered individual buildings such as the citadel fortress, and the "Twin Minaret" Madrasa built in the 13th century. Visitors can also visit the Çobandede bridge, which dates back to the late 13th century.

Ulu Mosque…

The mosque, which is thought to have been constructed by Saltuks in 1179, has been repaired for several times over its history, and used in several ways from time to time.

Twin Minaret Madrasa...

It was constructed by Seljukian Sultan, Alaaddin Keykubad's daughter Hüdavend Hatun in 1253. It is the biggest theology school in the world with double minarets, two storeys and open air courtyard. It is one of the most beautiful examples of Seljukian style construction with its corolla gate and relief adornments.

Erzurum is also famous for its oltu stone craftsmanship. The major souvenirs of the city could be counted as prayer beads, cigarette holders, bracelets, necklaces, brooches, earrings and hairclips, all crafted from the 'oltu' stone.

Erzurum, 1240 km east of Istanbul and 873 km east of Ankara, is the "capital" of eastern Turkey, a transportation center, and a good base for explorations of Turkey's scenically spectacular east

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