Turkey marks 80th year of Atatürk's passing
People across Turkey on Saturday will mark the 80th anniversary of the death of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Turkey's founder, first president and the leader of the Independence War. Atatürk died at 9:05 a.m. on Nov. 10, 1938, with the nation grinding to a standstill for sirens that have sounded at exactly the same time every year since.
A high-profile ceremony will be held at Anıtkabir, the mausoleum of Atatürk in the heart of the Turkish capital of Ankara. Sirens of police vehicles, ambulances, ships and fire trucks will wail, while people walking on the streets stop and observe the one minute of silence. In Istanbul, motorists have been known to get out of their cars and observe the silence to honor Atatürk's memory, even on busy highways during rush hour. Flags across the country are flown at half-mast.
Atatürk was born in 1881 in Thessaloniki, which is now in Greece, in what was then the Ottoman Empire. He made his mark in the military in 1915 during World War I for his part in repelling the allied invasion in Çanakkale, known in the West as the Dardanelles Campaign.
Following the collapse of the Ottoman Empire after the war, Atatürk led the Turkish War of Independence, which defeated Greece and the European powers that occupied part of Anatolia. When he became president, Atatürk transformed the former empire into a modern and secular country.
Atatürk passed away on Nov. 10, 1938 at the age of 57.
In Istanbul, Dolmabahçe, an Ottoman palace where Atatürk spent his last days, will also be at the center of the commemoration events. The room where the revered leader passed away will be opened to visitors, as is the tradition after a remembrance ceremony. Visitors, who formed long lines to see the room, left carnations in the colors of the Turkish flag on Atatürk's bed.
President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, who released a statement yesterday for the occasion, commended Atatürk's leadership for uniting the nation during and after the Independence War. He called for children and young people to be taught about his determination and the principles upon which the republic was founded. Erdoğan also said the government was resolute in its efforts to achieve the objectives of Vision 2023, which aim at transforming Turkey into one of the world's top 10 economies.
Defense Minister Hulusi Akar also released a statement, praising Atatürk and his comrades in arms who secured Turkey's freedom.