Turkey on Sunday celebrates the centenary of Independence Day, which marks the beginning of Turkey's War of Independence and the emergence of modern Turkey. May 19 is a milestone in Turkish history as it is the day when Mustafa Kemal, later to become Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, arrived in the Black Sea city of Samsun from Istanbul to organize the war that saw the remnants of the Ottoman Empire transformed into modern Turkey four years later. Atatürk dedicated May 19 to youth of Turkish nation as Youth and Sports Day, a national holiday that sees young people stage sporting and cultural activities and official ceremonies organized across the nation. Youth and Sports Minister Mehmet Muharrem Kasapoğlu laid a wreath at Anıtkabir, Atatürk's mausoleum overlooking the capital Ankara. Massive celebrations are planned in the Black Sea province of Samsun, which will see the attendance of President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and a number of high-ranking officials.